Model 34A P-1 Hawk single-seat fighter. Model 34C F6C-1 Hawk single-seat carrierborne fighter. Model 34D F6C-2 Hawk single-seat carrierborne fighter. Model 34E F6C-3 Hawk single-seat carrierborne fighter. Model 34G P-1A Hawk single-seat fighter. Model 34I P-1B Hawk single-seat fighter. Model 34L P-5 Hawk single-seat high-altitude fighter. Model 34O P-1C Hawk single-seat fighter. Model 34K XP-6 Hawk single-seat fighter. Their callsign is Camelot, and their tail code is NG.
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History Since its inception the squadron has flown 23 different type aircraft, had its designation changed fourteen times, operated from 20 different aircraft carriers and several battleships and had 81 commanding officers the 82nd is now in command. Over the years the squadron has been assigned many different missions, including patrol and observation in its early years, and scouting, attack, fighter, bombing and forward air control missions when it became associated with carrier-based operations.
The squadron adopted the classic Top Hat as its squadron patch and called themselves the "High Hats". This is a list of aircraft in alphabetical order beginning with 'Co' through to 'Cz'. I Coates Swalesong S. II Coates Swalesong S. This is a list of aviation-related events from Events The United States Coast Guard requests authorization to construct its first cutters with a capability of carrying aircraft.
Events The Canadian Siskins aerobatic team is retired. James Work founds the Brewster Aeronautical Corporation. The Breguet 14 had been in service since January 26 — After the Stinson Model R prototype he is piloting runs out of fuel over Lake Michigan during a demonstration flight from Chicago, Illinois, Edward "Eddie" Stinson — the founder of the Stinson Aircraft Company — attempts to land the plane on a golf course. This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types.
For aircraft in service, see the List of active United States military aircraft. Prototypes are normally prefixed with "X" and are often unnamed note that these are not the same as the experimental X-planes, which are not generally expected to go into production , while pre-production models are usually prefixed with "Y". The United States military employs a designation and naming system to provide identifications to all aircraft types.
In September , these were unified into a single system heavily reflecting the Air Force method. For more complete information on the workings of this system, refer to United States Department of Defense Aerospace Vehicle Designations. This list does not include aircraft used by the U. This is a list of aircraft by date and usage. The date shown is the introduction of the first model of a line but not the current model.
For instance, while "the most popular" aircraft, such as Boeing and were introduced in x, their recent models were revealed in the 21st century. Civil air transport Civil air transport — — — —present Airco DH. Cs flypass, Air Fest show, Moron Air Base, Argentina This is a list of all fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft operated by the Argentine Air Force since its formation in , and by its predecessor the Army Aviation Service since to Prototypes and aircraft evaluated but not used operationally are excluded. Aircraft are listed under the main role in which they were used for most of their operational life.
For the current inventory see the list of active aircraft of the Argentine Air Force.
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The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber" is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft. Designed by Hermann Pohlmann, it first flew in The aircraft was easily recognisable by its inverted gull wings and fixed spatted undercarriage. Upon the leading edges of its faired main gear legs were mounted the Jericho-Trompete Jericho trumpet wailing sirens, becoming the propaganda symbol of German air power and the blitzkrieg victories of — The Stuka's design included several innovative features, including automatic pull-up dive brakes under both wings to ensure that the aircraft recovered from its attack dive even if the pilot blacked out from the high g-forces.
The Stuka operated with considerable success in close air support and anti-shipping at the outbreak of World War II. It spearheaded the air assaults in the invasio List of carrier-based aircraft covers fixed-wing aircraft designed for aircraft carrier flight deck operation and excludes aircraft intended for use from seaplane tenders and submarines as well as dirigibles.
Helicopters includes only those regularly operated from aircraft carriers and not those normally flown from other types of surface ships or land bases. It is located on the Phahonyothin road just to the south of Wing 6 of the domestic terminal of the Don Mueang Airport. Overview in front of Royal Thai Air Force Museum The museum was established in to collect, preserve and restore different airplanes and other aviation equipment used by the Royal Thai Air Force.
Imperial Japanese forces landed in southern Thailand on 8 December and after a skirmish of several hours Thai forces were ordered to cease fighting the Japanese. Thailand declared war on Britain and it is said also on the United States in January and remained This is a list of military aircraft that are primarily designed for air-to-air combat and thus does not include aircraft intended for other roles where they have some secondary air-to-air capability, such as with many ground attack aircraft.
The list includes fighter aircraft which are currently in operational service, those that have been retired, designs that flew but were abandoned without having been used operationally, and future project aircraft still in development.
The list does not include projects that were cancelled before an aircraft was built or fictional aircraft. They are listed alphabetically by manufacturer, but the table can be sorted by any column. When it was available the aircraft was supplied in the form of plans for amateur construction by the Sauser Aircraft Company. Its mission is "to select, collect, preserve and display" appropriate memorabilia representative of the development, growth and historic heritage of United States Naval Aviation. This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred.
Not all of the aircraft were in operation at the time. Combat losses are not included except for a very few cases denoted by singular circumstances. This transport-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
Allied Wings: Curtiss F11C/Bfc
Many variants of the Spitfire were built, using several wing configurations, and it was produced in greater numbers than any other British aircraft. It was also the only British fighter produced continuously throughout the war. The Spitfire continues to be popular among enthusiasts; nearly 60 remain airworthy, and many more are static exhibits in aviation museums throughout the world. The Spitfire was designed as a short-range, high-performance interceptor aircraft by R.
Mitchell, chief designer at Supermarine Aviation Works, which operated as a subsidiary of Vickers-Armstrong from Mitchell pushed the Spitfire's distinctive elliptical wing designed by Beverley Shenstone to have the thinnest possible cross-section, helping give the aircraft a higher t The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the s—40s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. It was overshadowed in the public consciousness by the Supermarine Spitfire's role during Battle of Britain in , but the Hurricane actually inflicted 60 percent of the losses sustained by the Luftwaffe in the engagement, and it went on to fight in all the major theatres of the Second World War.
The Hurricane originated from discussions during the early s between RAF officials and British aircraft designer Sir Sydney Camm on the topic of a proposed monoplane derivative of the Hawker Fury biplane. There was an institutional preference at the time for biplanes and a lack of interest from the Air Ministry, but Hawker chose to continue refining their monoplane proposal, which resulted in the incorporation of several innovations which became critical to wartime fighter aircraft, including a retractable undercarriage and This is an incomplete list of U.
For team names, see List of college sports team nicknames. Archibald Eagle — official mascot of the University of Southern Indiana. Archibald "Archie" McGrowl — a cougar costume. The mascot of Misericordia University Adelaide, "Addi During the early part of the war, the RFC supported the British Army by artillery co-operation and photographic reconnaissance. This work gradually led RFC pilots into aerial battles with German pilots and later in the war included the strafing of enemy infantry and emplacements, the bombing of German military airfields and later the strategic bombing of German industrial and transport facilities.
Curtiss BF2C engine - LSP Discussion - Large Scale Planes
These were first used for aerial spotting on 13 September but only became efficient when they perfected the use of wireless communication at Aubers Ridge on 9 May Aerial photography was attempted during , bu Udet joined the Imperial German Air Service at age 19, eventually becoming a notable flying ace of World War I, scoring 62 confirmed victories by the end of his life. In , Udet joined the Nazi Party and became involved in the early development of the Luftwaffe, where he was appointed director of research and development.
Influential in the adoption of dive bombing techniques as well as the Stuka dive bomber, by Udet had risen to the post of Director-General of Equipment for the Luftwaffe. Founded in the s as a nuclear research center, Quehanna has a legacy of radioactive and toxic waste contamination, while also being the largest state forest wild area in Pennsylvania, with herds of native elk. The wild area is bisected by the Quehanna Highway and is home to second growth forest with mixed hardwoods and evergreens.
This required an even lower stalling speed, which in turn required a low wing loading, combining both large wing area with light weight. A biplane wing of a span and chord has twice the area of a monoplane the same size and so can fly more slowly. Alternatively, a wing of the same area as a monoplane has lower span and chord, reducing the structural forces.
Biplanes suffer aerodynamic interference between the two planes and this means that a biplane does not in practice obtain twice the lift of the similarly-sized monoplane. The farther apart the wings are spaced the less the interference, given the slow speed and low power of early aircraft, the drag penalty of the wires and struts and the mutual interference of airflows were relatively minor and acceptable factors. The smaller biplane wing also allows greater maneuverability, during World War One, this further enhanced the dominance of the biplane and, despite the need for speed, military aircraft were among the last to abandon the biplane form.
Specialist sports Aerobatic biplanes are still occasionally made, biplanes were originally designed with the wings positioned directly one above the other. Airplane — An airplane or aeroplane is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine or propeller. Airplanes come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and wing configurations, the broad spectrum of uses for airplanes includes recreation, transportation of goods and people, military, and research.
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Commercial aviation is a massive industry involving the flying of tens of thousands of daily on airliners. Most airplanes are flown by a pilot on board the aircraft, the Wright brothers invented and flew the first airplane in , recognized as the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight. They built on the works of George Cayley dating from , between and , the German pioneer of human aviation Otto Lilienthal also studied heavier-than-air flight. Following its limited use in World War I, aircraft continued to develop. Airplanes had a presence in all the battles of World War II.
The first jet aircraft was the German Heinkel He in , the first jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, was introduced in The Boeing , the first widely successful commercial jet, was in service for more than 50 years. In the United States and Canada, the airplane is used for powered fixed-wing aircraft. In the United Kingdom and most of the Commonwealth, the aeroplane is usually applied to these aircraft.
Many stories from antiquity involve flight, such as the Greek legend of Icarus and Daedalus, and this machine may have been suspended for its flight. Some of the earliest recorded attempts with gliders were those by the 9th-century poet Abbas ibn Firnas, leonardo da Vinci researched the wing design of birds and designed a man-powered aircraft in his Codex on the Flight of Birds.
In , George Cayley set forth the concept of the airplane as a fixed-wing flying machine with separate systems for lift, propulsion. Cayley was building and flying models of fixed-wing aircraft as early as , in , Frenchman Jean-Marie Le Bris made the first powered flight, by having his glider LAlbatros artificiel pulled by a horse on a beach. Mozhaisky also made some innovative designs, in , the American John J. Montgomery made a controlled flight in a glider. Other aviators who made similar flights at that time were Otto Lilienthal, Percy Pilcher, sir Hiram Maxim built a craft that weighed 3.
Radial engine — The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders radiate outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel. It resembles a star when viewed from the front, and is called a star engine in some languages. The radial configuration was very commonly used for aircraft engines before gas turbine engines became predominant, instead, the pistons are connected to the crankshaft with a master-and-articulating-rod assembly.
One piston, the uppermost one in the animation, has a rod with a direct attachment to the crankshaft. The remaining pistons pin their connecting rods attachments to rings around the edge of the master rod, extra rows of radial cylinders can be added in order to increase the capacity of the engine without adding to its diameter. Four-stroke radials have an odd number of cylinders per row, so that a consistent every-other-piston firing order can be maintained, for example, on a five-cylinder engine the firing order is 1,3,5,2,4 and back to cylinder 1.
Moreover, this leaves a one-piston gap between the piston on its combustion stroke and the piston on compression. The active stroke directly helps compress the next cylinder to fire, if an even number of cylinders were used, an equally timed firing cycle would not be feasible. The radial engine normally uses fewer cam lobes than other types, as with most four-strokes, the crankshaft takes two revolutions to complete the four strokes of each piston. The camshaft ring is geared to spin slower and in the direction to the crankshaft. The cam lobes are placed in two rows for the intake and exhaust, for the example, four cam lobes serve all five cylinders, whereas 10 would be required for a typical inline engine with the same number of cylinders and valves.
Manly constructed a water-cooled five-cylinder radial engine in , manlys engine produced 52 hp at rpm. It was similar in concept to the radial, the main difference being that the propeller was bolted to the engine. The problem of the cooling of the cylinders, a factor with the early stationary radials, was alleviated by the engine generating its own cooling airflow.
By the potential advantages of air-cooled radials over the inline engine. Ranger was a small ship, closer in size and displacement to the first US carrier—Langley—than later ships. An island superstructure was not included in the design, but was added after completion. Deemed too slow for use with the Pacific Fleets carrier task forces against Japan, Ranger saw combat in that theatre and provided air support for Operation Torch.
In October , she fought in Operation Leader, air attacks on German shipping off Norway, the ship was sold for scrap in The Washington Naval Treaty limited both the size of ships that could be built and the total tonnage of aircraft carriers that could be built. What became Ranger was to be the first purpose-built aircraft carrier of the United States Navy, the carrier cost Ranger had a narrow hull due to its size and one inch of armor on the hangar deck, due to space limits, the carrier was equipped with geared turbines.
The design was modified to include an island, increasing the displacement to 14, tons. The smoke from the six boilers was vented up six small stacks. The stacks were hinged and were rotated to a parallel with the hangar deck during flight operations. Ranger also incorporated a gallery deck between the deck and hangar deck. The hangar deck was semi-open and had large roll-up metal curtain doors which could be closed in bad weather, one was located on the centerline and two offset to the starboard centerline.
It was originally planned to install two catapults on the deck to allow the launching of observation aircraft but this plan was dropped. The carrier was able to carry 76 aircraft at the time, Ranger was armed with six 40 mm quadruple mounts and forty-six 20 mm mounts. The carrier was one of the first U. Navy ships mounted with light weapons to defend against dive-bombing attacks.
Navy opened bids for the construction of the carrier on 3 September Cockpit — A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft or spacecraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft. Most modern cockpits are enclosed, except on small aircraft. The cockpit of an aircraft flight instruments on an instrument panel. In most airliners, a separates the cockpit from the aircraft cabin. After the September 11, attacks, all major airlines fortified their cockpits against access by hijackers, the word cockpit was originally a sailing term for the coxswains station in a Royal Navy ship, and later the location of the ships rudder controls.
Cockpit first appeared in the English language in the s, a pit for fighting cocks, used in nautical sense for midshipmens compartment below decks, transferred to airplanes and to cars. From about , cockpit came to be used informally to refer to the seat of a car, especially a high performance one. In the US and many countries, however, the term cockpit is also used for airliners. Military biplanes and the first single-engined fighters and attack aircraft also had open cockpits, the largest impediment to having closed cabins was the material the windows were to be made of.
Prior to Perspex becoming available in , windows were either safety glass, which was heavy, or cellulose nitrate, in the mids many aircraft manufacturers began using enclosed cockpits for the first time. Open-cockpit airplanes were almost extinct by the mids, with the exception of training planes, crop-dusters, Cockpit windows may be equipped with a sun shield.
Most cockpits have windows that can be opened when the aircraft is on the ground, nearly all glass windows in large aircraft have an anti-reflective coating, and an internal heating element to melt ice. Smaller aircraft may be equipped with a transparent aircraft canopy, in most cockpits the pilots control column or joystick is located centrally, although in some military fast jets the side-stick is located on the right hand side.
In some commercial airliners both pilots use a side-stick located on the side, so Captains side-stick on the left. Except for some helicopters, the seat in the cockpit of an aircraft is the seat used by the co-pilot.
It was that change that ultimately doomed the BF2C. There was a harmonic between the engine and the wing that would make the aircraft want to break up in flight. That was the reason why the BF2C-1 only served for a year. The number of photographs supplied in the book is reason enough to purchase this. There are quite a lot of period photographs that really make the publication shine.
As seen in the SF book this one also has a fair number of spelling errors. However, do NOT keep let that from you purchasing this book. Heck, this book is a must if you're a student of US Navy 'tweener aircraft in general.